Jul 27, 2020

Understanding When You Should Yield The Right-Of-Way When Driving

Right of way 4 way stop

One of the most misunderstood rules of the road is right-of-way. Do you find yourself wondering who has the right-of-way? Is it you or another driver at an intersection?

Right-of-way is determined by traffic signs, signals, and a province set rules. Knowing who has the right-of-way helps with traffic flow and reduces car accidents. The purpose of right-of-way is to keep vehicles out of the same space at the same time.

As a driver, you are expected to drive defensively and yield right-of-way to oncoming vehicles, pedestrians, and cyclists. If an accident occurs, police will consider right-of-way when writing a ticket. Insurers could also use right-of-way when assessing fault for an accident claim.

Here we discuss the most common situations where you should give right-of-way to others on the road.

What Is Right-Of-Way?

Right-of-way refers to situations on the road when you must let another driver go first. There are many situations at intersections, on highways, and in roundabouts where you must yield to other vehicles. Simply signalling does not give you the right-of-way in any of these situations. As a driver, you have the responsibly to make sure the way is clear before moving forward.

Who Has The Right-Of-Way At A Stop Sign Intersection?

The driver with right-of-way depends on the type of stop, intersection and situation :

Two Way Stop Right-Of-Way

Always yield to oncoming traffic crossing in front of you at a two way stop. If you are making a left-hand turn at the stop, you are expected to yield to vehicles that are facing you (even if you got there first). Imagine if you were at an intersection with lights – no matter who arrived first, when the light turns green, you have to wait for oncoming traffic to pass before you proceed. If you both stop at the same time and the way is clear, the vehicle to the right goes first.

Three Way Stop Right-Of-Way

Through traffic has the right-of-way at a three way stop. If you and another vehicle stop at the same time, the vehicle on the right will have the right-of-way. The same rule applies at T-intersections.

Four Way Stop Right-Of-Way

The first vehicle to enter has the right-of-way at a four way stop. If two or more cars stop at the same time, right-of-way goes to the vehicle on the right. Be patient – if someone goes forward without obeying right-of-way, wait your turn.

When Do Pedestrians Have The Right-Of-Way?

Drivers must yield to pedestrians who are crossing the street while the walk signal or countdown is on or when pedestrians are using a crossover. A crossover is a designated spot in Ontario where pedestrians can cross although there are no traffic lights.

In these situations, drivers must stop their vehicles for pedestrians are not proceed until the pedestrian is on the sidewalk. Drivers can't pass a car that is stopped at a pedestrian crossover or when a moving vehicle is within 30 metres from a crossover.

Whenever there is a crossing guard present, drivers must wait until all pedestrians, including the crossing guard, have entered the sidewalk.

Who Has The Right-Of-Way When Merging?

Any car merging onto a highway or ending lane must yield right-of-way to vehicles already on the road. If you are travelling on the road, you have the right-of-way over anyone who is merging. When you are merging, take notice of oncoming traffic through your mirrors and enter when there is a safe gap.

What Does Highway Right-Of-Way Mean?

Yield right of way

Highway right-of-way refers to when you should yield to cars on the highway. Freeway traffic that is already moving has the right-of-way. When it is safe, you can merge or pass when necessary. When merging onto a highway ramp, you must yield to all oncoming traffic. The merging lane does not have the right-of-way.

Who Has The Right-Of-Way In A Parking Lot?

Drivers in the traffic lane have the right way over vehicles exiting parking spots. When you are exiting a parking spot, you must yield to all oncoming traffic. If you are exiting a spot and get into a parking lot accident, you would be at fault.

Drivers must take notice and obey all signs in a parking lot. There will be signs to direct pedestrians right-of-way, and the proper lane you should enter and exit. When driving through parking lots, always drive a slow speed and keep an eye out for cars exiting spots.

How Does Right-Of-Way Apply To A Roundabout?

Drivers, cyclists and pedestrians who are using the roundabout have right the right-of-way. Vehicles entering the must yield and wait for a safe gap to enter. Look for pedestrians who might be crossing and give them space and time to cross safely.


Driving Right-Of-Way FAQs

Here are some of the most common questions about when to yield right-of-way when driving in Ontario :

Generally, you should yield right-of-way too :

  • Oncoming traffic (look for yield signs and slow down such as when you are at a roundabout).
  • A vehicle already in an intersection (even if there are no traffic lights or signs).
  • Pedestrians at a crosswalk.
  • When making left-hand turns, yield to oncoming traffic and pedestrians.
  • Oncoming traffic when leaving a parking spot.

Drivers who are already driving on the highway have the right-of-way on a highway. When merging from a highway ramp, freeway drivers should move over if it is safe, so the merging car has space. It is the driver’s responsibility to enter when there is space and drive up according to the speed.

Oncoming traffic has the right of while making a left-hand turn. Always check for pedestrians who might be crossing. When making a left turn is it the driver's responsibility to make sure the way is clear before turning.

One of the few times a driver making a left turn has the right-of-way is when they have an advance green light. Whether it's a flashing light or arrow, drivers will have the right-of-way to proceed.

When making a right-hand turn, pedestrians and vehicles have the right-of-way. Once they cross, and there is no oncoming traffic, you are good to make a right turn. Unless there is a sign, or you are driving in Montreal, it is legal to make a right-hand turn on a red light.

If you are pulling out of a driveway (residential or commercial), you must always yield right-of-way to the drivers on the street or in the parking lot.

When in doubt, yield right-of-way to any vehicle that is already moving in a forward direction if you are planning to move from a stopped position. As a driver, it is your responsibility to know what the driving laws are and when to take the appropriate steps to keep yourself and others safe. You'll prevent accidents and Ontario car insurance increases.

Oncoming traffic as the right-of-way at a green light. If you are making a left-hand turn, you must wait for the space to be clear from cars and pedestrians.

If a cyclist is in a bike lane, they have the right-of-way. As a driver, you must yield to all bikes coming through when you are making a left or right turn.

When entering a construction zone, check for signs and a flag person who will direct what direction you need to yield to or completely stop.

Horse-drawn wagons or person riding a horse, have the same obligations and rights as pedestrians. If they are in front of you and making a left or right, give them the space to do so safely. Slow down and give them space when passing.

If there is a power loss at an intersection, always yield right-of-way to vehicles which are entering the intersection from your right. Use the intersection as you regularly would at a four-way stop to keep traffic moving.

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