Jan 16, 2020
About Distracted Driving In Ontario
Distracted driving is one of the biggest issues on Ontario roadways today. It has surpassed impaired driving as the number one killer on the roads, and it is an issue that drivers need to take more seriously. 1 in 5 road fatalities are attributed to driving while distracted.
This is very concerning as distracted driving is preventable. If each driver were to do their part and be more dedicated to avoiding driving while distracted, countless accidents, injuries, and deaths could be prevented on Canadian roads.
As of January 1st, 2019 penalties for distracted driving in Ontario are increasing. Fines for distracted driving in Ontario are now among the highest in Canada.
Here we’ll define distracted driving, outline the laws, fines, penalties, and provide tips to prevent distracted driving in Ontario.
What Is Distracted Driving?
Distracted driving is the act of driving while being distracted by other things or activities that take a drivers attention away from the road. Mobile phones, texting, eating, talking with other passengers, changing the radio or GPS are common distractions.
Driving while distracted is dangerous because it increases the likelihood of an accident happening. It takes a drivers eyes and attention off the road and compromises the safety of the driver, passengers, other vehicles, and pedestrians.
Distracted Driving Definition
To clear up any misunderstanding as to what is considered distracted driving and what is not, here is a distracted driving definition from the RCMP :
“Distracted driving is a form of impaired driving as a driver's judgment is compromised when they are not fully focused on the road. Distracted driving qualifies as talking on a cell phone, texting, reading (e.g., books, maps, and newspapers), using a GPS, watching videos or movies, eating/drinking, smoking, personal grooming, adjusting the radio/CD and playing extremely loud music. Even talking to passengers and driving while fatigued (mentally and/or physically) can be forms of distracted driving.”
What Are The Distracted Driving Laws And Rules In Ontario?
The distracted driving laws in Ontario have changed quite a bit over the past few years. According to the Ontario Ministry of Transportation, it is against the law to :
- Hold a phone or mobile device while driving.
- Operate handheld electronic devices while driving.
- View display screens that are unrelated to driving.
Cell phones are not the only handheld devices that are restricted under the current Ontario distracted driving laws. Here are some common handheld devices that you should NEVER use while driving :
- Infotainment systems
- iPod or music players (mp3)
- DVD (entertainment/video player)
- iPads & tablets
- Handheld video games
- GPS (unless it is mounted)
Ontario Highway Traffic Act And Distracted Driving
According to Section 78 the Highway Traffic Act :
78. (1) No person shall drive a motor vehicle on a highway if the display screen of a television, computer or other device in the motor vehicle is visible to the driver.
2. Part VI of the Act is amended by adding the following section :Hand-held devices prohibited
Wireless communication devices
78.1 (1) No person shall drive a motor vehicle on a highway while holding or using a hand-held wireless communication device or other prescribed device that is capable of receiving or transmitting telephone communications, electronic data, mail or text messages.Entertainment devices
(2) No person shall drive a motor vehicle on a highway while holding or using a hand-held electronic entertainment device or other prescribed device the primary use of which is unrelated to the safe operation of the motor vehicle. Hands-free mode allowed
(3) Despite subsections (1) and (2), a person may drive a motor vehicle on a highway while using a device described in those subsections in hands-free mode.
Is Using A Hands Free Device Considered Distracted Driving?
There are certain hands free devices that you can use that do not fall under the current distracted driving laws in Ontario. GPS, hands free phones, built in display screens and others can be used.
Here is a list the MTO provides for permitted hands free devices :
- A cell phone with an earpiece, headset or Bluetooth device using voice-activated dialing : Only to activate or deactivate a “hands-free” function, and only if the device is mounted or secured. Actions like dialing or scrolling through contacts are not allowed.
- A GPS screen : Provided the GPS is mounted on the dashboard or windshield. You must input the required information before you start driving.
- A portable media player plugged into the vehicle's sound system : But you must activate the playlist before driving.
- Display screens that are built into the vehicle and used for safety reasons.
- Ignition interlock devices.
Why Do Ontarians Continue To Drive While Distracted?
Why drivers still engage in distracted driving practices and put themselves and others at risk is still somewhat of a mystery.
- Is it because drivers think that checking their phone while driving isn’t a big deal?
- Are people overconfident about their driving abilities?
- Have people become desensitized to anti-distracted driving campaigns?
- Or are people still not clear about what is and is not considered to be distracted driving?
What Are The Fines And Penalties For Distracted Driving In Ontario?
Distracted driving fines and penalties continue to change in Ontario. Drivers need to be aware of the repercussions of having a distracted driving charge on their record.
Drivers can no longer get away with a warning if caught driving while distracted. You will be fined and be subject to demerit points.
Fines, Demerit Points And Suspensions For Fully Licensed Drivers
Fines and demerit points are listed below. A driver’s license suspension will also be added to the penalties. Here is a breakdown of the new distracted driving laws :
First Distracted Driving Conviction
- Fine up to $1000 (minimum fine of $615 if settled out of court)
- Three demerit points
- Three day driver’s license suspension
Second Distracted Driving Conviction Within 5 Years
- Fine up to $2000
- Six demerit points
- Seven day driver’s license suspension
Third and Subsequent Distracted Driving Conviction Within 5 Years
- Fine up to $3000
- Six demerit points
- 30 day driver’s license suspension
What Are The Distracted Driving Penalties For Novice Drivers?
Novice drivers (G1, G2, M1, M2 licences) face the same fines and penalties as fully licensed drivers. You will not receive demerit points. You will face the following suspensions instead :
- First conviction : 30-day licence suspension
- Second conviction : 90-day licence suspension
- Third conviction : Cancellation of your licence and removal from the Graduated Licensing System
Distracted Driving Statistics in Canada
Nearly 3 of out 4 Canadian drivers admit to driving distracted. This is alarming. It also means that the driver in front of you, behind you and beside you has probably driven while being distracted. Scary thought, right?
Here is an even scarier one – you are 23 times more likely to crash if you engage in texting and driving. This is only the beginning of distracted driving stats and facts that you need to be aware of.
According to the MTO website, research demonstrates that “drivers who use cell phones are four times more likely to be in a collision than drivers who focus on the road. And when drivers take their eyes off the road for more than two seconds, their crash risk doubles.”
Considering these distracted driving statistics, it’s not that surprising that the OPP recently reported that distracted driving is the number one killer on our roads, causing more deaths than impaired driving and speeding.
Ontario Distracted Driving Statistics
Here are some shocking statistics about distracted driving in Ontario :
- Number One Cause of Accidents : According to the OPP, distracted driving is the number 1 cause of accidents in Ontario. It’s estimated that 8 in 10 accidents are caused by distraction.
- Deaths Have Doubled : Deaths from collisions caused by distracted diving have doubled since 2000.
- Person Injured Every 30 Mins : One person is injured from a distracted driving related accident every 30 minutes.
- Deaths Due To Inattentive Driving Are Rising : There were 65 deaths in 2016, 83 in 2017, and 692 since 2009 according to the OPP.
- 4 Times More Likely To Crash : A driver using a phone is four times more likely to crash than a driver focusing on the road (source).
- Thousands of crashed in Toronto : Its estimated distracted driving caused 7,435 accidents in Toronto alone in 2016.
Additional Distracted Driving Facts and Statistics
So, what percent of accidents are caused by distracted drivers? It’s estimated that close to two-thirds (64%) of accidents are a result of a distracted driving action.
Here are some additional distracted driving facts and statistics :
- Don't Reach : Reaching for an object makes you 9 times more likely to get into an accident.
- 4 Million Accidents Caused : Distracted driving is a factor in 4 million car accidents in North America each year.
- 3 Seconds Until Accident : It takes an average of three seconds after a driver’s mind is taken off the road for any road accident to occur.
- Teenagers : 94% of teenagers understand the consequences of texting while driving, but 35% of them admitted that they do it anyway.
- Texting : When polled, 77% of adults and 55% of teenage drivers say that they can easily manage texting while driving.
Are There Exceptions To The Distracted Driving Laws?
There are some exceptions and situations where safe cell phone use is permitted. You can call 911 in an emergency situation, and you can use handheld devices when you are lawfully parked or have safely pulled off the road and are not impeding traffic.
The RCMP explains : “There are special circumstances under which it is safe to use a cellular device. If you see a hazardous driver swerving or driving erratically, safely pull over with your hazard lights on and call 9-1-1. Gather as many details as you can, including the direction in which the car was going, the street it was on, and the make and model of the vehicle. Knowing the license plate number can help too.”
Emergency personnel such as police, firefighters and EMS are permitted to use cell phones while driving. “Commercial and public transit drivers, as well as public service workers who are engaged in the performance of their duties, will be able to view the display screens of mobile data terminals and logistical tracking and dispatching devices,” says MTO.
What Other Ways Are Drivers Distracted If They Are Not Using Their Phone?
There are plenty of ways people can get distracted while driving. Here’s a ranking of secondary behaviours among drivers and their frequency, as outlined in a recent IIHS study :
- Interacting with passenger : 11.7%
- Talking on cellphone : 6.5%
- Holding object other than cellphone : 5.6%
- Talking/singing/dancing alone : 4.9%
- Holding cellphone : 3.7%
- Smoking : 3.6%
- Adjusting radio/climate control or inserting/retrieving CD/cassette : 3.3%
- Eating : 2.8%
- Other cellphone interaction : 1.3%
How Does Being Distracted Affect Your Driving Abilities?
Distracted driving is dangerous because it takes your eyes and your attention off the road. It only takes a second for something to happen, and you need to be prepared to react. Distracted driving can lead to :
- Less time to react
- Poor judgment
- Overreactions and making mistakes
- Injuring or killing yourself, your passengers and/or other people
Distracted Driving Could Be Considered Careless Or Dangerous Driving
Being convicted of distracted driving while putting others in danger could have even more severe consequences. MTO explains :
“Drivers who endanger others because of any distraction, including hand-held and hands-free devices, may still be charged with Careless Driving under the Highway Traffic Act or even Dangerous Driving under the Criminal Code of Canada."If you are convicted of careless driving as a result of distracted driving you face :
- 6 demerit points
- Fines of up to $2,000
- Jail term of six months
- Up to two-year licence suspension
Depending on the result of driving while distracted, you could also face dangerous driving charges. Dangerous driving is a criminal, offense. You could face :
- Up to 10 years in jail for causing bodily harm
- Up to 14 years in jail for causing death
Distracted Driving Laws In Other Provinces
Distracted driving laws in Canada vary from province to province. Currently, all 10 provinces and Northwest Territories have laws against distracted driving. Here are some interesting findings about the distracted driving laws in Canada :
- Distracted driving in Alberta has fines up to $1200.
- Nunavut is the only region in Canada with no distracted driving laws.
- First time offense fines for distracted driving in Quebec is the lowest - $80-$100.
- The highest fines are in PEI – up to $1200.
- Manitoba and PEI have the most demerit points (5), with all other provinces having at least 3 demerit points.
What Are The Primary Types Of Distracted Driving?
In general, driving distractions can be categorized into three general types :
- Visual Distractions : Taking your eyes off the road – using a GPS, looking out the window, looking for something in the car.
- Manual Distractions : Removing hands from the wheel – holding your phone, eating, grooming.
- Cognitive Distractions : Not having your mind on driving – daydreaming, talking to passengers.
How Does A Distracted Driving Conviction Affect Your Insurance?
A districted driving conviction can have a significant impact on your Ontario car insurance. In addition to fines and demerit points, you may need to get high risk auto insurance. Getting a distracted driving ticket could :
- Increase Your Rates : Increase your insurance rates for the next few years.
- Lose Discounts : Cause you to lose your current car insurance discount.
- More Expensive Quotes : Makes it difficult for you to get cheap insurance quotes.
- Cancellation : Cause your insurance company to not renew your policy.
- Impact Insurance : Make it difficult to get insurance coverage as you may not qualify for regular insurance.
- Denied coverage : Many insurers will not issue you an insurance policy if convicted of distracted driving.
Tips To Avoid Distractions While Driving
While Ontario’s Highway Traffic Act is a comprehensive overview of what’s legal and what’s not :
Here are 11 great tips to stop being a distracted driver :
- Start By Stowing Your Device : Since you know you can’t use your device when driving, begin your travel by turning off your phone and putting it out of reach – such as in your glove compartment. If you’re not sure you can resist the temptation to reach over and check messages – an especially dangerous move – store your device in your trunk.
- Review Your Route : Take some time to study any maps and directions you have before you set out to drive. “Figuring it out along the way” is not an effective strategy to avoid distracted driving. After your review, CAA suggests you put all reading material in your trunk.
- Pre-program Your GPS : If you have a global positioning system and know the address of your destination, program your GPS and determine your route beforehand. How is using a GPS not against the law if it’s a mobile device? As Section 78.1 of the Highway Traffic Act points out, a global positioning system navigation device is a specific exception. But programming your GPS while driving is against the law.
- Tidy Up Your Vehicle : Remove anything not needed for your trip and secure any loose objects. Sliding objects when you turn a corner or brake firmly can be distracting. And dangerous.
- Prepare the Kids and Yourself : Make sure children have everything they need at hand – reading materials, toys, food and drink – before you go. And make sure you’re ready, too – including having all your personal grooming done before you get behind the wheel.
- Secure Pets : If you don’t have a crate or a car barrier, consider purchasing a car harness or even a car seat to prevent your pet from jumping around in the vehicle. Keeping your pet restrained is important to both your safety and that of your pet.
- Pre-set Climate Control and Radio : Okay, you’re finally almost ready to go. One more thing: ensure that your radio pre-sets are selected and that your climate control is set up before you pull out of the driveway.
- Make a Passenger a Co-pilot : If you’ve got a passenger beside you, allow them to help you focus on driving. This can range from assisting with directions to selecting music to opening beverages for you.
- Don’t Eat and Drive : While an open coffee or drink sitting next to you in a cup holder shouldn’t be much of a distraction, don’t eat or drink anything that requires you to open or unwrap it or otherwise distract you. Don’t even think of trying to eat that big and messy burger or ice cream cone while you’re behind the wheel.
- Concentrate and Drive Actively : Scan the road. Keep checking your mirrors. Keeping two hands on the wheel will not only give you better control but results in less fatigue. Don’t let roadside activities – whether it’s a yard sale or a sign-waving clown – distract you.
- Take Breaks : As a general rule, you should stop at least every two hours to take a break from driving. Not only can you get necessary fuel for you, your fellow passengers, and your vehicle, but the rest and movement can help you can reenergize and refocus on the remainder of your trip.
Ontario Distracted Driving FAQs
Here are some more questions about distracted driving in Ontario :
If caught driving while distracted, you will face fines and demerit points on your Ontario driving record. Starting in 2019, you will also face a license suspension. A distracted driving ticket will also impact your car insurance rates.
Distracted driving tickets come with three demerit points. Under the new laws in Ontario, you could receive up to 6 demerit points for multiple convictions within a 5 year period.
You can be fined up to $1000 for distracted driving. If you are also convicted of careless driving, or if it’s not your first distracted driving ticket, you could face fines of up to $3000.
Tens of thousands of auto accidents are caused by distracted driving in Ontario each year. Its estimate 80% of all accidents are a result of driving while distracted.
Since 2009, close to 700 people have died in Ontario as a result of distracted driving accidents.
Yes. Eating food while driving is considered distracted driving, but it is not illegal.
Drinking coffee while driving could be considered distracted driving if you cause an accident. It is not technically illegal.
How To Stop Distracted Driving
You Have A Choice To Choose Not To Be Distracted
You have a choice when you get behind the wheel. Make a smart choice and choose to NOT drive while distracted. Put the phone away and focus on the road.
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