Apr 15, 2020
What Is The Total Cost Of Car Ownership?
Buying a new car is one of the biggest purchases you’ll make next to buying a house. And when you think about adding that big ticket item to your monthly or annual budget, there are a lot of costs you need to take into consideration to get an accurate idea of what it will cost.
To help you make an informed and financially sound decision, we’ve put together a a guide of expenses you need to include, when figuring out the total cost of buying and driving a vehicle in Canada.
What Are The Types Of Car And Driving Costs?
When calculating the cost of car ownership, divide your expenses into operating and fixed costs. Fixed costs are cash outlays that you have to make if you own a car and don’t drive it!
Fixed costs are made up of :
- Total purchase price
- Finance or interest costs
- Car insurance
- License and registration fees
- Sales taxes on your purchase
- Depreciation (and this is a big cost)
Operating costs are variable and change depending on your vehicle and your driving habits. This includes costs like fuel and maintenance which increase the more often you drive.
What Are Some Cost Savings Tips To Think About Before You Buy A New Car?
- Cheaper Isn’t Always Better : A cheaper-priced car does not necessarily cost you less year over year. Other important factors come into play such as fuel consumption, maintenance costs and depreciation.
- Drive Your Car A Long Time : The longer you own a particular car, the less it will cost you to own per year. This has a lot to do with depreciation costs.
- Buy A Car With Good Resale Value : Depreciation costs are the most expensive factor in your car purchase so find a car with a good resale value and you can save.
- Depreciation Costs Are High In Year 1 : When you drive a car off a dealership lot, you can lose between 15-20% of its value immediately.
- Larger Vehicles Are Expensive : Large and luxury SUVs vehicles are the most expensive to own. Pickup trucks are almost as expensive. If saving matters, think twice before you choose one of them.
- Save With Hybrids : Hybrids that are not luxury vehicles or SUVs can save you money if you keep it for 5 or more years.
What Costs Do You Need To Consider When Buying And Driving A Car?
We’ve put together a checklist of the total costs you need to calculate to help you understand how much your car will cost to own and drive. Below this list, we’ve given you more detail for each item.
Here’s what you need to consider if you want to get a clear picture of the total costs of owning and driving car.
- Total Purchase Price
- Finance & Interest
- Vehicle Registration Costs
- Fuel Consumption
What Is The Price Of The Car?
The price that you see advertised for a new car is the Manufacturers Suggested Retail Price (MSRP). But that is not usually the total cost that you pay when you buy it. Below we’ve listed some of the typical “extras” you might encounter.
- Freight Or Shipping : Also known as Destination and Delivery Costs (D & D for short). When you buy a car, it isn’t in a showroom and has to be shipped to you – at an additional charge.
- Market Adjustment : If a car is in high demand or short supply, the dealer will put a premium on the vehicle usually known as a market adjustment.
- ADM/ADP (Additional Dealer Markup or Additional Dealer Profit) : Dealers generate a little extra profit from this cost to you.
- Admin Fees or Processing Fees : This charge usually appears as a cost to you when you apply for dealer financing.
- Dealer Financing : The dealer acts as the liaison between you and the lender. They don’t have to give you the best rates. Negotiate with your lending institution before you go in to purchase a car. You may be able save a lot of money here.
- Taxes : You will have to pay federal and provincial taxes on your purchase.
Remember that when you are buying a car, every line item on the pricing sheet is negotiable (except for the taxes but they’ll depend on the final agreed-upon price you pay). You’ll see some additional costs. If you don’t know what they are, ask to have them explained to you.
How Much Your Lease Or Loan Cost?
Most people have to finance a car purchase so this becomes another cost to you. You can choose to get a car loan or you can enter into a lease agreement.
Watch out for a 0% loan for a car purchase. As they say, if it’s too good to be true, it probably is! A dealer will usually give you the choice of a 0% loan or a cash rebate on the total cost of the car – you won’t get both.
If you’re interested in going deeper into car loans, read this article.
Should you lease or finance your car? Car buyers are attracted to lease agreements because monthly payments are usually lower. A lease agreement is like a long-term rental – you are paying for use of the car. But once a lease agreement is terminated, you walk away from the car or you make a final payout amount to buy the vehicle – which can make your total costs higher than getting a loan.
What Are The Provincial Administration Costs?
Car ownership is another cost that you need to factor into your car purchase. Once you have your vehicle permit and plates, you only pay the recurring annual fee for your license plate sticker. Older cars will have to complete an emissions test.
- Your vehicle permit with license plates is $40 (permit is $20)
- Your plate sticker is $108 in southern Ontario and $54 in Northern Ontario.
How Much Are The Car Maintenance Costs?
Base your estimate of regular car maintenance costs on the manufacturers recommended maintenance schedule – oil changes, brakes, rotors, fluid levels, etc. Don’t forget to factor in bigger maintenance costs like some engine repairs.
Speak to your dealer about yearly costs for regular maintenance for your car model. Maintenance schedules are often based on mileage, so as you put on more kilometres, you’ll need servicing more frequently. This translates into higher costs.
Remember, your driving habits will also influence the costs. Are you hard on your brakes or are you an aggressive driver? You’ll put more wear and tear on your brakes and your car.
Costs For Tires And Wheels
Think about winter tires. Do you need wheels and rims to go with the tires? You don’t have to purchase tires every season so it’s not exactly an annual cost. Still, remember to factor the cost of tires and the cost you pay to have them switched over from season to season every year.
Cost For Wear And Tear Body Work
The body work we’re referring to here is not accident damage, but more wear and tear to the vehicle’s body—things like windscreen chips, paint scratches and rust repairs. These are minor repairs but over time – especially if you keep your car for several years, they may add up.
Are The Costs Of Car Warranties Worth It?
Most new cars come with warranties. Check what is covered and how much you’ll save if you have a problem during the warranty period. Remember, the better your warranty, the potential lower costs of maintenance and repairs.
Sometimes you can buy extended warranties when you purchase the car. This is an extra up-front cost but over time, you can save yourself on repairs and maintenance. Some cars and brands are known for quality warranties like Honda or BMW.
You have to decide whether you will be better off paying up front in exchange for potential costs down the road. Do your research before you buy a warranty. They are not all created equal.
What Is Your Car Depreciation Cost?
The depreciation cost is the difference between what you pay for your vehicle and what you get for it when you sell it or trade it in. Some car makes and models hold their value better – which means less cost to you. Also, the more kilometres you drive annually, the greater the yearly depreciation in the value of your vehicle.
How Much Does Your Car Depreciate In The First Year?
Your car’s value depreciates the most during the first year of its life. Some estimates indicate that depreciation costs can account for 57% of your cost to own the car in the first year. Depreciation steadily decreases over time so by year 5, your depreciation accounts for 48% of its cost and by year 8 – only 43% of your costs are depreciation.
Depreciation Can Be Up To 15% As Soon As You Leave The Lot
A couple of online sources state that you can lose from 10-15% on the value of your car when you leave the lot. That can add up to a lot cash in a short period of time.
This infographic shows the TMV (True Market Value) of a vehicle (at the time of purchase is $29,873. Then 1 minute after purchase, the TMV is $27,314 or 91% of its value on the lost – 60 seconds prior. That’s 9%.
According to Edmunds.com, on average :
- A new car loses 11% of its value when it leaves the lot.
- For each year of the first 5 years, a car depreciates 15-25% per year.
- After 5 years, a car is worth 37% of what you originally paid.
Do The Total Costs Of Car Ownership Decline Over Time?
The cost of depreciation accounts for nearly 60% of a cars costs in the first year of ownership. Over time though, depreciation rates decrease and your cost of ownership decrease with it.
A Consumers Report article also notes that “cars cost less to own every year after that [the first year] ... the average model in our study costs almost twice as much to own the first year as it does the second year. The sixth, seventh, and eighth years combined about equal the cost of the first year.”
Depreciation is a real but somewhat hidden cost of car ownership.
How Much Does Gas Cost Per Year To Drive Your Vehicle?
Fuel consumption per year is another cost to owning a car. In fact, fuel costs account for 24% of your annual costs to driving. To estimate fuel consumption costs, you’ll need to know :
- How many kilometres do you drive each year
- The percentage of city versus highway driving you do
- The cost of fuel
If you haven’t kept records about kilometres driven and what you’ve spent on gas, you can always estimate by using the averages car companies publish or figures you can get from the Ministry of Transport. For example, a 2016 Mazda5 averages 10.8 city L/100 km and 8.3 highway L/100 km and a combined L/100 km of 9.7 (From the Ministry of Transport ).
Examples Fuel Efficiency For Vehicles In Different Classes
We did a little research on fuel consumption ratings and yearly costs using the Ministry of Transport’s Fuel Consumption Ratings Search Tool. We put together some charts to help illustrate fuel efficiency and consumption costs for cars from various class.
NOTE : “Estimated annual fuel cost is based on the combined rating, a driving distance of 20,000 km and forecast prices of $1.09/L for regular gasoline and $1.24/L for premium gasoline.”
Notice that yearly fuel consumption costs range between $1482 for a Honda CR-Z which is a sub-compact car and $2594 for a Ford F-150 which is a standard pickup truck. In general larger vehicles consume more fuel as they are heavier and have larger engines.
Remember that fuel prices fluctuate, sometimes widely, so this can change your annual costs for owning a car.
Examples Fuel Consumption For Vehicles In Different Classes
Go try the MTO Fuel Consumption Tool before you buy your next car to get an idea of what your annual fuel costs could be.
Here are some things to consider :
- What driver’s license do you hold – G, G1, G2? How long have you been insured : the longer your insurance history, the better rates you’ll probably get.
- Older drivers are more likely to drive more carefully.
- Driving studies confirm that women are less likely to be involved in accidents.
- At-fault accidents, tickets and claims results in higher rates.
- Your car’s safety rating impacts insurance costs. The collision costs and medical costs (and benefits costs) are lower when you have a safer car.
- How easy or difficult is it to steal your car? Your comprehensive insurance costs will be lower based on this.
- How much will it cost to repair your car? Repair costs (parts and labour) impact collision insurance. Domestic cars are generally less expensive to repair than imported cars.
Costs Of Owning And Driving A Car FAQs
Are you in the market for your first vehicle? Doing some research about the costs to drive a car? Check out this list of common questions about the cost to own and drive a car :
The cost to drive varies based on a variety of factors. Your vehicle type, how much you drive, and age of your car play a big role. Also, your driving record and insurance costs will dictate how much it will cost you to drive. The best way to get an estimate of your cost to drive is to add up all costs associated with driving.
It’s difficult to put a specific number of the average car maintenance costs per year. Your vehicle make and model plays a big role. Car maintenance costs can cost very little or be significant. They can change year to year. As a general rule, you can expect to pay up to $500 annually according to Consumer Reports.
As your vehicle ages, you can expect these costs to increase. For example, with a brand new car, you can expect to pay for the cost of oil changes, regular service appointments and seasonal tire swaps. As the car ages you need to do additional work for maintenance and replace certain parts overtime.
The cost to own and drive your car is variable. When you factor in your monthly payment, insurance, fuel, washes, and maintenance you could be spending between $750 and $1000 per month. Again, this depends on your car type, how much you drive and other factors unique to your situation.
It really depends on your personal situation and needs. Some people require a vehicle for work and to get around. Others have one as a convenience. There are countless people who get by just fine without a car. Assess your situation, compare the pros, cons and costs and see if it makes sense for you.
The cost of car ownership changes. Total cost of ownership, also known as TCO, is an average of the total cost to drive your car over a 5 year period. All costs are added up and averaged out over the 5 year span to give you an estimated monthly/annual cost.
Yes. While there are some fixed costs, such as your car payment, other costs are variable. Some years you’ll use more fuel than others. There may be a year where you have a major repair. Insurance costs also fluctuate each year. Your costs will change each year.
It depends. While you may pay less for a used car, you could pay more in other areas, repairs and maintenance in particular.
Car Ownership Cost Estimator
In an effort to help car owners understand the true costs involved in car ownership, the CAA offers this handy tool to estimate total outlay on owning a car.
Try it out to get an idea of what you will spend to be a car owner.
Purchasing a new car is to an adult what going to the candy shop is for a kid. So many delicious options! Viewing the beautiful new models in the showroom, taking one for a test drive and shopping around is just a fun day out.
But with some research and knowledge you can save yourself a lot of money on buying and driving your car. Make sure you take all the necessary time to weigh the costs, evaluate your options and choose a car that best fits your needs and budget.
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